Ida B. Wells: Let the Truth Be Told!

July 16, 1862 Ida B. Wells Born
▪Wells was born into slavery in Holly Springs, Mississippi

▪When Wells began attending school her mother went with her, learning to read alongside Wells

▪After Wells’ parents suddenly passed from yellow fever Wells, just a teenager, took and passed the test to become a teacher so she could care for her younger siblings

▪In 1884 Wells sued the Chesapeake, Ohio and Southwestern Railroad after an incident on the train where Wells refused to move from her seat in the ladies coach to the smoking car. Wells was dragged from the car by the conductor and two other men. Wells won her case and was awarded five hundred dollars, but the verdict was later reversed

▪Wells writing career was fueled by the train incident when she wrote about it in her church paper

▪Wells wrote under the name, “Iola”, writing for black newspapers around the country

▪Wells was co-owner of her very own newspaper called, “Free Speech and Headlight”

▪In her newspaper, Wells wrote about the rampant injustices and violence through lynchings that black people were routinely subjected to in the United States. Often organizing boycotts, Wells was threatened and her office destroyed

▪In 1893 Wells published, “The Red Record”, with an introduction written by Frederick Douglass

▪Wells was a major speaker and organizer of the NAACP

▪Wells spoke around the world for equal rights of black people as well as women, Wells was instrumental in women winning the right to vote in 1920
Book Feature: Ida B. Wells: Let the Truth Be Told (2008)
Written by: Walter Dean Myers Illustrated by: Bonnie Christensen

Ernie Barnes: From Football to Art!

July 15, 1938: Ernie Barnes Born
▪Intrigued with art a young child Barnes often, “painted mud”, with a stick in his backyard🎨

▪Barnes grew up in Durham, North Carolina where Jim Crow laws prevented him from visiting art museums, galleries, and libraries. His mother did her best to expose him and his siblings to art, music, and books often bringing home discarded art books and records from her employer for them to enjoy

▪A young Barnes had no desire to play sports he only wanted to draw and paint, yet school coaches and his mother guided him into the game of football

▪Barnes true love was art, often drawing between plays and catching fines from his coach, but he continued to play because it brought the money in

▪In 1964 Barnes decided to pursue his true passion, stepping away from football and into the world of art

▪Barnes found a way to combine art and football when he became the Official Artist for the American Football League

▪Barnes first football painting, “The Bench”, is displayed in the Pro Football Hall of Fame

▪In 1984 Barnes became the official artist of the Olympic Games

▪Barnes painting, “The Sugar Shack”, appeared in the closing credits of the 1970’s hit T.V. show, Good Times, and J.J. Evans character as an aspiring artist was modeled after Barnes life
Book Feature: Between the Lines: How Ernie Barnes Went from Football Field to the Art Gallery (2018)
Written by: Sandra Neil Wallace
Illustrated by: Bryan Collier

Sarah E. Goode Inventor!

July 14, 1885: Sarah E. Goode receives United States Patent
▪Born into slavery, Goode upon emancipation migrated to Chicago, Illinois where she and her husband saved to purchase, own and operate their own furniture store

▪Goode’s inspiration to build and create came from her father who was a carpenter

▪Now known as Murphy Beds or Hide-Away Beds, Goode’s invention of the Cabinet Bed came out of the necessity to provide more sleeping room for children in the cramped and crowded one-room apartments in her community

▪Goode was the first African American woman to receive a United States patent no. 322,177
Book Feature: Sweet Dreams, Sarah (2019)
Written by: Vivian Kirkfield
Illustrated by: Chris Ewald